AN 18TH/19TH CENTURY DIAMOND AND GARNET CROSS OF THE PORTUGUESE ORDER OF CHRIST, the baguette-cut and kite-shaped garnet cross centred with channels of lasque-cut diamonds in pinched collet settings, surmounted by a detachable openwork cluster of further lasque and rose-cut diamonds, set throughout in foiled closed-back settings, some red stones later replaced, with later added brooch and pendant fittings, and later detachable old-cut diamond set bale, length 8.8cm
Condition report: Garnets have variable orangey-red to purplish-red hues, all are foil-backed, some with patchy discolouration to the foil-backing. Most stone contain multiple mineral and needle-like inclusions that are just visible to the unaided eye, some stones also contain surface-reaching fractures. All have scuffs, nicks and chips to the surface. Two of the kite-shaped garnets have large fractures and chips that run across the tip of each stone. At least one of the kite-shaped stones and one of the baguette-shaped stones are later replaced red stones (untested). The largest baguette-shaped garnets measure approx. 8.5mm length x 5.5mm width. Diamonds have variable grey and brownish tints, most are heavily included with minerals and fractures, most have chips and surface-reaching fractures, all are foil-backed. We are unable to confirm whether any of the diamonds are later replaced, but there are no obvious indications of this. The cross mount is dented and mis-shapen to one end, and multiple further smaller dents, impressions, splits, chips and scuffs throughout. The cluster mount has later brooch, pendant and hook fittings, with associated dark solder joins, and considerable wear, with small splits, chips and scuffs/scratches throughout. Both panels are tarnished. Metal standard is untested. The brooch pin is functioning but the hinged safety clasp is difficult to position against the pin. Gross weight of cross and cluster combined approx. 39.2gm.